1
likes
spam Like Dislike

Mastering PHP Ternary Operator: Write Clean and Concise Code

published 414 days, 22 hours, 28 minutes ago posted by DhruvDhruv 420 days, 16 hours, 58 minutes ago
Tuesday, March 7, 2023 12:53:20 PM GMT Wednesday, March 1, 2023 6:22:37 PM GMT

The PHP ternary operator is a shorthand way of writing a simple if-else statement in PHP. It is represented by the ? : symbols and has the following syntax:

$variable = (condition) ? true-value : false-value;

The condition is evaluated first. If it is true, the true-value is assigned to the variable. Otherwise, the false-value is assigned.

The PHP ternary operator is useful in situations where you need to make a simple decision based on a single condition. It can be used to assign a value to a variable, to print a message to the screen, or to perform any other action that requires a simple if-else statement.

For example, suppose you want to assign a value to a variable based on whether a condition is true or false. You could use the PHP ternary operator to do this:

$age = 18;

$can_vote = ($age >= 18) ? "yes" : "no";

echo "Can vote? " . $can_vote;

In this example, the condition is whether the age variable is greater than or equal to 18. If it is, the value "yes" is assigned to the canvote variable. Otherwise, the value "no" is assigned. Finally, the message "Can vote? yes" or "Can vote? no" is printed to the screen, depending on the value of the canvote variable.

Another example of using the PHP ternary operator is to print a message to the screen based on a condition. For example:

$age = 18; echo ($age >= 18) ? "You are an adult." : "You are not an adult.";

In this example, the message "You are an adult." is printed to the screen if the age variable is greater than or equal to 18. Otherwise, the message "You are not an adult." is printed.

One important thing to keep in mind when using the PHP ternary operator is to keep the code readable. If the condition and values are too long or complicated, it may be better to use a traditional if-else statement instead. For example:

$age = 18;

if ($age >= 18) {

$can_vote = "yes";

} else {

$can_vote = "no";

}

echo "Can vote? " . $can_vote;

In this example, the same result is achieved using a traditional if-else statement instead of the ternary operator. This makes the code more readable and easier to understand.

In conclusion, the PHP ternary operator is a useful shorthand for writing simple if-else statements in PHP. It can be used to assign a value to a variable, print a message to the screen, or perform any other action that requires a simple decision based on a single condition. However, it is important to keep the code readable and to use traditional if-else statements for more complex conditions.

After visiting this story, if you enjoyed it, please show the author some love by coming back and clicking Like button and leaving a comment.

category: PHP | clicked: 0 | | source: www.geeksforgeeks.org | show counter code

No comments yet, be the first one to post comment.

To post your comment please login or signup

Welcome PHP Developers!

Are you a PHP developer or interested in becoming one? DeveloperSites is here to help you find the most interesting, freshest PHP developer stories for you to sharpen your skills as a seasoned PHP developer or help you find resources that will help you become a PHP developer.

Here you will find the latest PHP blog posts, articles, books and more. The best stories are voted up by our growing PHP developer community.

Signup for free and join the DeveloperSites community today!